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Social Issues » Social Justice
PESA and pressures
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Mohammed Yousuf P.V. Narasimha Rao. His government amended the Constitution to empower panchayats and municipalities.

IN order to understand violations of the Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, it is imperative to know its history. Most of the tribes in India are collectively identified under Article 342 (1&2) of the Constitution as Scheduled Tribes, which provided them overarching immunity to the extent of granting them the right to self-determination as guaranteed under Article 244 (Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas) of Part X: The Scheduled and Tribal Areas. The Indian Constitution protects tribal interests through the Fifth and Sixth Schedules.

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