Rise and fall of PWM

Print edition : July 11, 2014

At a conference in Lucknow convened to form the Progressive Writers' Association. Photo: The Hindu Archives

Sajjad Zaheer. He redrafted a manifesto for the establishment of progressive writers' organisations.

Firaq Gorakhpuri. He was of the view that Urdu literature drew its inspiration mainly from the Islamic past and traditions.

Saadat Hasan Manto. "If we are to view Manto's relationship with the progressives, it can be said that the progressives had an ideology, while he had a world view."

Rakhshanda Jalil’s book offers valuable insights into the emergence of a consciously progressive, almost left-wing, literary and cultural movement.
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