Essay

Nationalism vs Hindutva

Print edition : April 29, 2016

Prime Minister Narendra Modi with his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe performing puja during Ganga aarti in Varanasi in December 2015. Shah said in February that Modi's Ganga aarti fed the hopes of many that he would protect "our" culture. Photo: Rajeev Bhatt

BJP president Amit Shah. Shah fired the opening salvo in the BJP's renewed campaign for Hindu Raj. Photo: VIJAY SONEJI

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, lauding the "nationalism of Savarkar", spoke of an "ideological battle". Photo: PTI

Modi, according to his Urban Development Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu, is "God’s gift to India" because Madame Tussauds museum in London is going to exhibit his wax image. Here, an artist taking the Prime Minister's measurement for the wax statue. Photo: PTI

Lala Lajpat Rai, an early proponent of the two-nation theory.

V.D. Savarkar, the author of both Hindutva and the two-nation theory. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

The ideologues of the ruling dispensation believe not in Indian nationalism but in Hindu nationalism, or Hindutva, which is the earliest version of the two-nation theory.

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