Essay

Roots of the Kashmir dispute

Print edition : May 27, 2016

Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru with Sheikh Abdullah. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

Kashmiri nationalism is as alive now as it was in 1947. A file photograph of protesters in Srinagar. Photo: Nissar Ahmad

September 18, 1947: Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in Karachi. In October that year, Pakistan sent raiders into Kashmir with Jinnah's knowledge. Photo: BERT BRANDT/AFP

Mir Qasim. He was installed as Chief Minister through rigged elections after Sheikh Abdullah's dismissal and arrest. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

The Sadar-i-Riyasat, Karan Singh (right), administering the oath of office to Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed as Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir in July 1957. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

Maharaja Hari Singh. His note authorising his Deputy Prime Minister to sign the instrument of accession on his behalf betrays how jittery he was. Photo: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

The International People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Jammu and Kashmir and Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons convenors and members Gautam Navlakha, Advocate Parvez Imroz, Zahir-ud-din, Kartik Murukutla, and Khurram Parvez, release "Structure of Violence: The State in Jammu Kashmir", a report on human rights violations in Kashmir, in September 2015. Photo: NISSAR AHMAD

Farooq Abdullah addressing a rally in Anantnag on April 21. He said that in Kashmir "people love Pakistan" and not all the treasures that New Delhi cared to throw at them would change that sentiment. Photo: PTI

Reflecting popular opinion, Sheikh Abdullah was against Kashmir’s accession to India. Reflecting Indian opinion and his own preferences, Nehru would have nothing but accession. Both knew how the Kashmiris felt, hence India’s initial hesitation in forging the accession.
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